LASIK Complications and How to Avoid Them

LASIK Complications and How to Avoid Them

LASIK is an abbreviation for laser-assisted in situ keratomileusis, a type refractive surgery for hyperopic, astigmatism and myopia correction. A computer operated laser is used to reshape the cornea, in an attempt to have light bent and focused correctly onto the retina area. The procedure is preferred as an alternative to wearing glasses or contact lenses.

Candidate Exclusions

LASIK surgery is definitely not usually recommended for people under 18 years of age, or for breast feeding or pregnant woman, or sufferers of autoimmune, immunodeficiency and active eye diseases, diabetics and users of systemic medication.

Possible Complications

LASIK surgery complications vary from minor to severe and can be categorized as preoperative, intraoperative, early postoperative or late postoperative. The most common complication reported thus far is the occurrence of dry eyes which is caused by tear production nerves never returning to their normal thickness and pattern after surgical severance. Dry eyes are very easily treated by prescription and artificial tear solutions and punctual occlusion. If left untreated, dry eyes may negatively effect LASIK surgery results. Other complications include light sensitivity, double vision, corneal estasia, epithelium erosion, decentred ablation, over-correction or under-correction.

Choosing Your Surgeon

Get your eyes lasered.

It is imperative to choose a experienced and reputable ophthalmologist to conduct the surgery. The right doctor will already contribute to a significant reduction in risks and complications associated with the surgery. A knowledgeable doctor will do proper screening to ensure you are suitable candidate for surgery and provide much-need after care and advice upon LASIK completion.

Getting a Second opinion

A second opinion is essential and should always be sought before a final decision is made in terms of any surgical procedure. Your ordinary physician will also provide you with invaluable advice, after due consideration to your medical history and current health status.